The EUS/Endoscopic ultrasound is regarded as a MI (minimally invasive) procedure to assess the various digestive (gastrointestinal) & lung diseases. A special endoscope uses some of the most high-frequency sound waves for the generation of detailed images of the lining & walls of the digestive tract & chest, the nearby organs like the pancreas & liver, & lymph nodes. The Endoscopic Ultrasound Market worth was around USD 848.78 million. It is predicted to reach a huge amount of USD 1.37 billion by the year 2028, with a CAGR of 6.17 % approximately.
The endoscope is defined as a thin and tube-like instrument that is carefully inserted into the body for the evaluation of its vital insights. A specialized endoscope is implemented vary carefully to produce the prominent and detailed images of the lining of digestive tracts & nearby organs by means of high-frequency sound waves. Ultrasound can also be conducted through insertion of endoscopic probe located inside the bronchi, which is more popularly known as endobronchial ultrasound.
Endoscopic Ultrasound Biopsy is regarded as the process where a doctor extracts some fluid & tissue from the chest or abdomen to conduct a thorough analysis. During the conduction of an endoscopic ultrasound pancreas, the doctor carefully inserts an endoscope straight down the throat and into the abdomen. The ultrasound device is situated just at the end of the tube that emits sound waves which display the images of the pancreas & the nearby located tissues. Around 75 million of the endoscopies are conducted in the USA each year, where around 68% (or nearly 51.5 million) are called gastrointestinal endoscopies. The EUS (Endoscopic Ultrasound System) is also used widely in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal cancers, like pancreatic, liver, & other forms of cancers. In 2018, gastrointestinal cancers constituted for up to 26% of the entire cases of cancer incidences & 35% of all cancer-related deaths across the globe.
Who all needs a EUS or an endoscopic ultrasound procedure?
Healthcare providers use EUS procedure to diagnose or evaluate:
- Chest pain or Abdominal (belly) pain
- Lumps, lesions (abnormal tissue) or growths seen on previous imaging scans like CT scans or MRIs.
- Cancer spread (or known as metastatic cancer).
- The various Digestive tract problems, like colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), & anal fissures.
- Various kinds of Gallbladder diseases, including gallstones & cholecystitis (or known as gallbladder inflammation).
- Lung diseases, such as cancer in the lungs.
- Pancreatic diseases, like pancreatic cysts, pancreatic cancer, & pancreatitis.
- Different swallowing disorders such as Barrett’s oesophagus.
What are the different types of EUS tests prevailing in the market?
An upper endoscopy procedure is, also known as a EUS procedure that, examines the upper most part of the digestive tract, including:
- The lining of the oesophagus, small intestine, and stomach.
- Lymph nodes, cysts, blood vessels, and tumours.
- Nearby organs, like the gallbladder, the pancreas, & bile ducts.
On the other hand, a lower EUS procedure thoroughly examines the lower part of the digestive tract like
- Anal sphincter or the muscles that are surrounding the anus.
- Blood vessels, cysts, lymph nodes, & tumours.
- The lining of the large intestines (colon & rectum).
The healthcare provider can perform some other types of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspirations. The sample is transferred to a lab where the lab specialist or pathologists examine it for the symptoms of disease, like the abnormal or cancerous type of cells.